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The quantified fishing opportunities for each stock for every member state known as total allowable catch, or TAC are agreed at the EU level. Each member state is given a set amount as a TAC, which it then distributes to its fishing agencies using its own home laws which needs to be compliant to the general ideas in EU law; see p 25 in United Kingdom of Fish Producer Organisations UKAFPO v Secretary of State for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs England and Wales Administrative Court 1959 Courts and Tribunals Judiciary, 2018. UK registered vessels also are required to have an “financial link” to the UK Churchill and Owen, 2009, p 202–210, but this requirement has not stopped the purchase of UK vessels by international agencies. Data from 2009 recorded 9% of UK quota by value being held by international flagged vessels and 16% of landings by weight accruing to those vessels Vivid Economics, 2009. Greenpeace has anticipated that nearly half of English and Welsh quota is owned by international companies McClenaghan and Boros, 2016. In UK waters around 770,000 km2 fishing operates under the historical public right to fish Appleby, 2005 which permits all UK citizens and presently, possibly, by extension EU citizens through UK club of the EU to fish its waters.